Acne is recognized by the presence of pimples, whiteheads called pustules and other lesions such as papules, nodules, cysts, scars. It most often affects the face, but can also occur on the back, chest, shoulders, and neck. Although it is not a serious disease, it can be unpleasant and disfiguring. When acne is severe it can leave permanent scars. Even less severe cases can be followed by scars.
Research on acne associates it with the changes that occur during development, when people go from childhood to adolescence. Increasing concentrations of hormones during puberty cause the sebaceous glands, seen in areas where acne is most common (face, back, neck, and chest). The condition is activated by male-type hormones, present in both men and women.
The sebaceous glands produce an oily substance, called sebum, which empties through the openings of the follicles and is deposited on the surface of the skin. The glands are connected to a canal that contains a hair (the follicle). The oily material seems to stimulate the inner lining of the follicle, causing the cells to detach more quickly and adhere to each other, obstructing the skin's opening. In addition, the mixture of oily material and cells encourages the proliferation of bacteria present in the follicles, which produce chemical compounds that can damage the wall of the same. When this wall is broken, sebum, bacteria and detached skin cells escape. This is the process that results in the formation of large pimples and nodules.
Myths about Acne
- It is totally false that acne is cured with exposure to the sun. This may improve a bit after being in the sun, but sunlight only helps for a while and may, in the long run, worsen the condition by making the scars more noticeable. In addition, excessive sun for many years can cause premature aging of the skin and even worse skin cancer.
- Acne does not come out from not washing your face or from accumulated dirt. Blackheads are discarded dead skin cells and dried skin oil, which are present in the openings of the hair follicles. For normal skin care, it is necessary to wash your face with a mild soap and warm water twice a day or use suitable products for this.
- It is not true that the more times you wash your face, the less acne or blackheads you will have, this can make acne worse. It is also recommended to regularly wash your hair with shampoo. If the hair is oily, it may be necessary to wash it more frequently
- Men with acne if they can shave, what they should be careful when doing so, if you use disposable razors, the blade must always be well sharp, first I recommend that you soften the beard with soap or shaving foam and use warm water, This way you will avoid skinning the pimples, and you always have to do it very carefully and without pressing, if you can avoid a few shaves in the week it will be a little better so as not to irritate the foot so much
- Acne is not caused by eating certain foods. Dermatologists have differing opinions on the importance of diet in treatment but agree on one thing: a strict diet is not enough to cure acne. On the other hand, some people find that their acne worsens when they eat certain foods. If that's the case, you should avoid foods that obviously aggravate your acne. It is known that bread, rice, potatoes, pasta and sweets can increase insulin requirements and this in turn aggravates acne so it is not advisable to abuse them.
How is acne treatment done?
Acne treatment is a constant procedure if you want to control it. The treatment your dermatologist recommends will vary according to your type of acne. It helps to know a few questions about treatment:
Acne-causing lotions or medications: First of all, your dermatologist must determine if your skin condition is a common acne, as there are times that an acne-like rash can have other causes, for example, by the lotions you have used or the medications you are taking orally. . Your dermatologist will need your help to complete a list of what you are using on your skin and what you are taking.
Over-the-counter acne treatments: Many acne lotions and creams, available without straights, can be helpful in milder cases of acne, but many of them will dry out your skin if you use them too often. If you use such products, carefully follow the manufacturer's instructions.
Treatments prescribed by your dermatologist for acne: Your dermatologist may prescribe topical preparations (creams or lotions) to help unclog pores and reduce the number of bacteria. These agents can also dry out and peel the skin. Your dermatologist will teach you how to use them correctly and will give you instructions in case side effects occur.
Often prescribed antibioticThey are taken orally for moderate or severe cases, especially when there are many injuries to the back or chest, in order to reduce the bacteria present in the follicles. There are also antibiotic preparations that can be applied to the skin, which are used in less severe cases of acne.
In case of severe acne, Other oral medications may be used, which may include female hormones and other drugs that lower male hormones. Another oral medication, isotretinoin, is sometimes used to treat severe acne that has not responded to other methods. Patients using isotretinoin should have a good understanding of the agent's side effects, as well as being aware that frequent follow-up visits to the dermatologist will be needed to monitor them.
Some vitamin A derivatives Topicals, such as retinoic acid or the more modern adapalene, have been shown to be effective in controlling and preventing the appearance of new acne lesions with excellent tolerances.
There is no instant or permanent cure for acne, but it can be controlled, and proper treatment can prevent permanent scarring. No matter what special treatment your doctor uses, remember to continue to take proper care of your skin until its tendency to develop acne has disappeared.
Tip: Don't pinch, scratch, pop, or squeeze the pimples. When the pimples are pinched, redness, swelling, inflammation and scars increase, resulting in new lesions.