Zigawo za khungu

Mkono wokulirapo

Mbali ya khungu (epidermis, dermis, ndi hypodermis) imapanga gawo lalikulu kwambiri mthupi. Kudziwa iwo ndi kuphunzira momwe mungawasamalire kuli ndi zokongoletsa komanso thanzi.

Kenako, tifotokoza chomwe gawo lililonse limapangidwira komanso zomwe mungachite kuti akhalebe athanzi komanso ocheperako kukalamba:

Kodi zigawo za khungu ndi ziti?

Zigawo za khungu

epidermis

Epidermis ndiye gawo loyamba la khungu, komanso thinnest. Kuphatikiza pa kupereka chotchinga choteteza, imakhala ndi ma melanocyte, maselo apadera omwe amapanga melanin ya pigment. Kotero Ndi gawo lomwe udindo wopanga khungu limakhalapo.

Amagawidwa m'magulu asanu. Mbali yake yakunja ndi stratum corneum (stratum corneum), yomwe muli maselo akufa. Zina zimachotsedwa mwachilengedwe, pomwe zina zimafunikira kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ochotsamo mafuta. Otsalawo ndi stratum lucid (stratum lucidum), stratum granulosa (stratum granulosum), stratum spinosum (stratum spinosum) ndi stratum basalis (stratum basale).

Dermis

Gawo lachiwiri la khungu limatchedwa dermis. Popeza imakhala ndi collagen, elastin ndi hyaluronic acid, amatenga gawo lofunikira pakusunga khungu lolimba komanso losalala. Tiyenera kudziwa kuti dermis imakhalanso ndi maubweya atsitsi, mitsempha yam'magazi, ma gland owoneka bwino, ndi mitsempha yomwe imathandizira kukhudza ndikuwona kutentha ndi kuzizira.

Hypodermis

Ndi lachitatu komanso lomaliza pakhungu. Kuchepetsa kwa minofu ya adipose kumayambitsa kugwedezeka ndi makwinya. Mulinso zokopa za thukuta ndipo ili ndi ntchito yoteteza kutentha ndi kuteteza ziwalo zofunika.

Momwe mungasamalire khungu

Khungu la nkhope

M'kupita kwa zaka, kaphatikizidwe ka collagen, elastin ndi asidi hyaluronic amachepetsa. Momwemonso, pali kuchepa kwamafuta pamaso. Zonsezi zosapeweka pamitundu yosiyanasiyana ya khungu zimayambitsa makwinya ndikunyinyirika. Komabe, pali zinthu zambiri zomwe mungachite kuti makwinya akhale ovuta:

Dzitetezeni ku cheza cha UV

Kusunga khungu lathanzi mkati ndi kunja Ndikofunika kuti musadziwonetse nokha pazowunikira za UV, chifukwa zimatha kuyambitsa mawanga ndi makwinya, pomwe khansa yapakhungu ndiyo vuto lawo lalikulu. Kuphatikiza pa kugwiritsa ntchito zotchingira dzuwa ndi SPF 30 kapena kupitilira apo (mwamwayi, mafuta opangira masana amakhala nawo kale munjira zawo), palinso malingaliro ena omwe ayenera kuganiziridwa. Ndipo osati chilimwe chokha, komanso chaka chonse:

  • Kuphimba khungu lanu ndi zovala panja
  • Valani zipewa ndi magalasi
  • Pewani kusamba mabedi

Koma, khungu limatulutsa vitamini D mwachilengedwe likagwirizana ndi kunyezimira kwa dzuwa. Vitamini D amatenga nawo mbali poyamwa kashiamu m'thupi. Amakhulupiliranso kuti amatenga gawo popewa matenda monga dementia ndi mitundu ina ya khansa.

Komabe, dermatologists amalimbikitsa kupeza vitamini D kudzera mu chakudya m'malo mowala dzuwa. Salimoni, tuna, dzira la dzira, ndi bowa ndi zina mwazinthu zabwino kwambiri zachilengedwe. Muthanso kupeza mavitamini D anu tsiku lililonse kudzera mumkaka wolimba ndi chimanga, komanso mothandizidwa ndi zowonjezera zakudya.

Tsatirani zizoloŵezi zabwino

Zotsatira za zizolowezi zina ndizofunikira kwambiri kuposa zina, koma pafupifupi chilichonse chomwe mumachita tsiku lonse chimakhudza khungu lanu. Kuchita masewera osachepera katatu pa sabata, kugona maola 7-8 patsiku, komanso kudya zakudya zopatsa thanzi ndi zina mwazinthu zabwino. Zowopsa zake ndi fodya, kumwa mowa mwauchidakwa, moyo wongokhala komanso kupsinjika.

Ngati mumakhala ndi moyo wathanzi ndipo mukufuna kuti khungu lanu likhale lokwanira komanso lamadzi, lingalirani kukulitsa kupezeka kwa omega fatty acids ndi ma antioxidants pazakudya zanu. Mutha kuzipeza kudzera pazakudya izi:

  • Nsomba zamtambo
  • Tomate
  • Avocado
  • Walnuts
  • Chokoleti yakuda
  • Mbewu za mpendadzuwa
  • Mbatata yabwino
  • Tsabola
  • Broccoli

Pangani ukhondo nthawi zonse

Tsekani zonona

Kuyeretsa ndi kuthirira khungu tsiku lililonse ndikofunikira. Zimaphatikizapo kuyeretsa, zopaka, mafuta odzola, moisturizer, ma seramu ndi zonunkhira thupi m'manja mwanu.

Oyeretsa amachotsa dothi ndi kumanga sebum. Amasiya khungu litakonzeka kuyamwa zina zonse za ukhondo wanu. Gwiritsani ntchito madzi ofunda ndikusintha choyeretsa chanu pochotsa exfoliator (itha kukhala yakuthupi kapena mankhwala) kawiri pa sabata kuchotsa ma cell akufa kuti ayeretse kwathunthu.

Mankhwala odzola amateteza mdima komanso khwangwala, Zomwe ndi chimodzi mwazizindikiro zoyambirira za ukalamba kumaso. Ngakhale amuna ambiri adumpha izi, chowonadi ndichakuti zitha kupanga kusiyana kwakukulu pakhungu lakumaso ndi chithunzi chonse.

Zodzitetezera zimathandiza kuti khungu lizikhala lofewa komanso lowala. Momwe zingathere, amachepetsanso kuonetsa zizindikilo zakukalamba. Usana, usiku ndi thupi ndi mitundu itatu ya kirimu yofunikira. Muthanso kuwonjezera imodzi yopangidwira mapazi ngati mukuwona kuti ndikofunikira.

Kuti mumve bwino nkhope yanu, lingalirani kuphatikiza chophatikizira kwanu ndi seramu. Pomwe zakale zimakhalabe pakhungu lakunja, ndikulimbitsa chotchinga chake chopanda madzi, ma seramu amatha kulowa mkati mozama chifukwa chazing'ono zazing'onozing'ono.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1.   Hope Sevillano anati

    Zambiri zabwino pakhungu ndikuzikumbukira. Ndikofunika kudziwa momwe khungu "limapangidwira" kuti lizisamalire ndi kuteteza. Ndikupitirizabe kukuwerenga. Zabwino zonse.

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