Gloamus ɗin Kwamfuta (HIJ)

  • Dan Dandatsa: Mutumin da yake da masaniya game da tsarin kwamfuta.
  • hannu: Komfuta karami isa don a riƙe shi a hannu ko adana shi a aljihu. A wasu, ana iya shigar da bayanai ta hanyar rubutun hannu. Wasu kuma suna da ƙananan maɓallan maɓalli.
  • hardcoded: Game da masu canji ko bayanan da aka shigar kai tsaye a cikin lambar tushe na shirye-shirye, wanda ke rikitar da gyaran su.
  • Hardware: dukkan abubuwanda ake amfani dasu a jikin kwamfutar da kayan aikinta.
  • Hertz: hertz. Quungiyar maimaitawa. Yayi daidai da zagaye ɗaya a kowane dakika. A cikin sarrafawa ana amfani dashi don ba da ra'ayi game da saurin mai sarrafawa, yana nuna yawan agogo (duba).
  • Jigon magana: rubutu nasaba tare. Ta danna tare da linzamin kwamfuta, mai amfani yana motsawa daga wannan rubutu zuwa wani, yana da alaƙa da na baya.
  • Hologram: Hoto mai girma uku wanda aka kirkira ta hanyar daukar hoto.
  • Baƙi: duba yanar gizon.
  • Gidaje: Sabis na masauki. Asali ya ƙunshi sayarwa ko hayar sarari na zahiri a cikin cibiyar bayanai don abokin ciniki zai iya sanya nasu kwamfutar a wurin. Kamfanin yana ba ku iko da haɗin Intanet, amma mai amfani ya zaɓi kwamfutar sabar gaba ɗaya (har zuwa kayan aikin).
  • HTML: Harshen Alamar Rubuta Haraji Yaren shiryawa don gina shafukan yanar gizo.
  • HTTP: Yarjejeniyar Canza Hanya Yarjejeniyar canja wurin Hypertext. Yarjejeniya ce wacce ke ba da izinin tura bayanai cikin fayilolin rubutu, zane-zane, bidiyo, sauti da sauran albarkatun multimedia.
  • Shafin gida: Shafin shafi.
  • Hub: Mai da hankali. Na'urar da galibi ake amfani da ita a cikin yanayin tauraruwa a matsayin tsakiyar cibiyar sadarwar, don haka duk hanyoyin haɗin na'urorin network daban suke haɗuwa.
  • Iyanar gizo: Intanit gabaɗaya an ayyana shi azaman ja na cibiyoyin sadarwar duniya. Cibiyoyin sadarwar da suke wani ɓangare na wannan hanyar sadarwar na iya sadarwa tare da juna ta hanyar yarjejeniya da ake kira, TCP / IP (Yarjejeniyar Gudanar da Yarjejeniyar / Yarjejeniyar Intanet). Ma'aikatar Tsaro ta Amurka ce ta dauki cikinsa a karshen shekarun 1960; mafi daidai, ta ARPA. An fara kiran ta da ARPANET kuma an yi niyyar hidimtawa ayyukan bincike. Amfani da shi ya zama sananne bayan ƙirƙirar WWW. A halin yanzu fili ne na jama'a wanda miliyoyin mutane suke amfani dashi azaman hanyar sadarwa da kayan aiki.
  • Intanet: Intranet su ne hanyoyin sadarwar kamfanoni waɗanda ke amfani da ladabi da kayan aikin Intanet. Bayyanar sa yayi kama da na shafukan yanar gizo. Idan wannan hanyar sadarwar kanta tana haɗe da Intanet, gabaɗaya ana kiyaye shi ta bangon wuta.
  • ICQ (// 'Na Nemi Ku //): Shirye-shiryen da ke baiwa abokai da abokan hulɗa damar sanin cewa ɗayan yana kan layi. Yana ba ka damar aika saƙonni da fayiloli, yi // hira //, kafa sauti da haɗin bidiyo, da dai sauransu.
  • IEEE: Cibiyar Injiniyan lantarki da Injiniyan lantarki - Babbar ƙungiyar masu fasaha da ƙwararru, waɗanda ke zaune a Amurka. An kafa shi a cikin 1884 kuma a cikin 1998 yana da kusan mambobi 320.000 a cikin ƙasashe 147. Yana fifita bincike a fannoni daban-daban, kamar su fasahar sararin samaniya, sarrafa kwamfuta, sadarwa da fasahar kimiyyar lissafi. Yana inganta daidaitattun ka'idoji.
  • Injin jet na jet: firintar da ke aiki ta fesa tawada a kan takardar.
  • Dot matrix ko matrix firintar: firintocin da ke aiki ta hanyar kai wanda yake danna rubutun a jikin takarda.
  • Firin gurza- Mai sauri, babban firinta mai amfani da fasahar laser. Lokacin da katako ya buge takarda, sai ya samar da hoton zafin lantarki wanda ke jan hankalin tawada busasshe.
  • Mai Buga: na'urar gefe da ke sake rubutu da hotuna akan takarda. Babban nau'in sune: dot matrix, jet tawada, da laser.
  • Interface: Canjin yanayi ko kuma haɗin haɗin gwiwa wanda ke taimakawa musayar bayanai. Maballin maɓalli, alal misali, haɗi ne tsakanin mai amfani da kwamfutar.
  • IP: Yarjejeniyar Intanet.
  • IrDA (Infrared Data Inungiyar): Foundedungiyar da aka kafa don ƙirƙirar ƙa'idodin ƙasashen duniya don kayan aiki da software da aka yi amfani da su a hanyoyin sadarwa na infrared. Infrared ray fasahar taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin sadarwa mara waya.
  • ISDN: Hadakar aikace-aikace na hanyar sadarwa ta Dijital: tsarin watsa wayar tarho. Tare da layin ISDN da adaftan ISDN zai yiwu a iya yawo a Yanar cikin saurin 128 Kbps, in dai ISP ma tana da ISDN.
  • ISO: Organizationungiyar Duniya don Daidaitawa. An kafa shi a cikin 1946, ƙungiya ce ta duniya wacce ke haɗa daidaitattun abubuwa a cikin kusan ƙasashe XNUMX. Ofayan su shine ƙa'idar OSI, samfurin ƙirar duniya don ladabi na sadarwa.
  • ISP: Mai ba da sabis na Intanet.
  • Input (shigar da bayanai): Yana nufin bayanan da aka karɓa ko tsarin karɓar bayani. Bayani ne wanda mai amfani ya samar dashi da nufin kula da tsarin komputa. Abubuwan haɗin mai amfani yana ƙayyade nau'ikan shigarwar da shirin ke karɓa (misali rubutu da aka buga, danna maɓallan linzami, da sauransu). Shigarwar na iya zuwa daga cibiyoyin sadarwa da na'urorin adanawa.
  • kwaya: tsakiya ko mahimmin sashi na a tsarin aiki. Yana ba da sabis na asali na sauran tsarin.
  • keyword: keyword don kowane bincike.
  • kilobyte (KB): ofungiyar ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar ƙwaƙwalwa l kilobyte = 1024 bytes.

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