Several factors can increase the risk of prostate cancer, such as, for example, being over 60 years old, having cases of prostate cancer in the family, particularly in the immediate family. Being black, this type of cancer is more prevalent in the black population. Suffer alcoholism, eat a diet rich in fat and have been exposed to chemicals such as those found in paints, or cadmium.
One of the main symptom Prostate cancer is the difficulty to expel urine, which comes out more slowly than normal. Once the man has finished, he equally frequently exhibits involuntary leaks of urine. The patient has the feeling that he is not completely emptying the bladder during urination, and forces him to make an effort to do so.
The presence of blood in urine or sperm can be a warning sign that is important to be aware of. Other symptoms of prostate cancer are bone pain and discomfort, particularly in the lower back or pelvis.
Despite the fact that the population most at risk of suffering from prostate cancer is made up of men over 60 years of age, from the age of 45 it is normal to have an annual check-up to determine the levels of the prostate. antigen prostatic specific or PSA in blood. This test usually makes it possible to detect prostate cancer at an early stage, even before the first symptoms appear.
If tests show high levels of PSA in blood, then the urologist will resort to digital rectal examination to check if the prostate has increased in size or if it has an uneven surface.