Sunglasses for the mountains It is an essential element to protect the eyes from harmful elements, such as ultraviolet rays, the wind and any particles of dust or insects that may be suspended.
Not just anyone, they have to comply with the type of mountaineering that you are going to practice, that are comfortable, resistant and durable, as well as having to comply with the design that best suits your face. In Men with Style we advise you how to choose the best sunglasses for the mountain.
Table of Contents
General characteristics for sunglasses for the mountains
It is important to choose the type of glasses that adapt to the type of sport you are going to practice. and what is the permanent exposure your eyes are going to be subjected to in order to protect them as much as possible. Do not forget that we can find glasses with an optical adapter on the market in case we want to have prescription lenses.
In general terms, the best mountain goggles are those with a good grip, which are able to change their tone depending on the amount of light to which it is exposed and with a anti-fog treatment. They must also mark a category 4 and that it is polarized and photochromic.
Lenses are one of the main factors. You have to choose a lens with a category between 0 and 4, this level will allow us the amount of visible light absorption it can let through. To give you an idea, level 0 is an almost transparent lens and level 4 is very dark, ideal for mountain areas with snow and aquatic areas with great sun reflections. It is no longer a matter of having the greatest darkness in the lens, but that it comes with the greatest anti UV treatment.
- Colors may vary depending on the type of need, those of green they allow us to capture the colors correctly. The browns They help us filter blue radiation much better and increase depth of field. The yellow ones They are suitable for cloudy and low-light days, but they must also incorporate an anti UV treatment. The gray ones they give uniformity to the light and respect the natural colors.
- Photochromic lenses: They are ideal for sports such as cycling, as they adapt very well to light, without noticing the drastic spaces of light from one area to another.
- The poralized lenses: They help to increase the quality and color of the environment, they make an anti-glare effect for areas with water and snow.
You have to choose between light, comfortable glasses that adapt to the anatomy of your face, there are countless models on the market that can impress you.
With good ventilation: You have to take into account the good ventilation between the glasses and your face, so that the happy fogging of the lenses does not appear. This usually happens in areas of high humidity and in winter.
With good sideburns: that are practical and have a good grip on the head. If you practice sports in the mountains such as climbing or cycling, it is important that the temples remain fixed. For this there are extra grip accessories such as straps.
Why are sunglasses so important in the mountains?
Sunglasses they have to protect us from something as harmful as UVB rays. You have to know that every 1000 m of altitude that you climb the mountain, UVB rays increase by 10%. There are elements in nature that increase this level of rays, such as snow, since it reflects 80 to 90% of the radiation, to give you an idea an area without snow reflects 20%.
Solar radiation is multiplied by 1,5 to 2000 m above sea level, and by 2,5 to 4000 m. It should also be noted that it will be more prone depending on the season of the year and on the incidence of solar rays. Radiation is much higher in autumn than in spring, increasing up to 25% more due to the growth of the ozone layer.
Problems that can cause when they are not used
- The most common symptoms are usually macular degeneration, with the premature aging of all the tissues that are part of the eye.
- The Pterifion: It is the abnormal growth of an annoying tissue making a small pink layer becoming annoying and even very annoying.
- The "White out" syndrome This ailment usually appears more when extreme cold sports are practiced, reaching the frostbite of the eyelids due to low temperatures, and causing loss of vision, photophobia and even irreversible necrosis.
- Photokeratitis or snow ophthalmia, due to a long exposure to UVB rays causing an erosion of the cells that cover the cornea of the eye.