A stylish man has to know basic things about boats, their classifications and terminologies. In case you don't know anything, don't worry, today I will teach you some basic things so that you look like a Duke when it comes to talking about ships.
To start there are different ways to classify a ship:
1.- According to its size. In naval engineering two types are distinguished: lthe minor ships, which are the boats with a length (length) less than 24 m and with 50 or less internal volume TRG and larger vessels, which are those whose length (length) exceeds that distance and those internal volumes TRG
2.-According to its propulsion method. There are three types: those of human propulsion (such as canoes, kayaks, feluccas and ancient triremes, etc.), those of wind propulsion (such as sailing boats, rotor boats) and those of mechanical propulsion (like motor boats, and turbine boats).
There is a marine terminology to name the basic parts of a boat, so we have to front part is called bowIn the rear is called stern, the side left is called port and right side is called starboard. The center line that runs longitudinally through the structure is called "Bay" Additionally boarding is the verb that describes the action of joining the boat.
Reduce It is the action of removing improperly accumulated water from a boat.
Cover It is the passable part of the boat.
Superstructure It is the one above the deck of the ship.
Anchor or anchor It is a nautical instrument that allows a ship to fix its position in the sea without having to worry about the current, opposing the force of the tide. The anchor anchor usually consists of two or more hooks that are responsible for its clinging to the seabed, preventing the boat from being dragged adrift. Small boats have only one, which is attached to the boat by means of a rope or chain, depending on the length and current regulations. Larger boats usually have three, one in the stern and two in the bow, hooked by chains. The heaviest anchors can reach three tons. In tankers of one hundred thousand tons, the anchors weigh from thirteen to fifteen tons, and in larger ones more than twenty tons.
Currently ships use modern communication systems, ranging from satellite locators that report their position in real time, to having a voice, data or fax and email connection. What has been implemented is communication through satellite communication systems, for which we have two systems that are very important: Cospas-Sarsat and the invarsat c system; the first has coverage of the entire terrestrial globe and the invarsat c system has a coverage of lat70 ° n and lat70 ° s, which allows us to have a communicated trip.
For which these two systems named above allow us to use epir radio beacons (they are disaster location systems) these systems are components of the GMSS (global maritime distress and safety system) smss.
- Course: It is the direction in which a ship sails relative to North.
- Dial or Delay: It is the direction of an object at an angle to North, as seen from a boat.
- Knot: It is the unit of speed used by ships and airplanes and is equal to one nautical mile per hour.
- Marine Mile: The international marine mile is a distance of 1.852 meters or 6.067,12 feet or 1,15 English miles. The international nautical mile has replaced previous units.
- Meter: It is the basic unit in the metric system, it is equivalent to 3,28 feet or 39,37 inches.
- Breaststroke: The breaststroke used for centuries to measure depth, is being replaced by the meter. One breaststroke equals 1,83 meters and 6 feet.
These are then plotted on the chart, the point where they intersect is the ship's position. The closer the ship is to the objects, the less margin for error there will be. Taking the bearing of three objects, preferably at angles of 60º, the position will be even more exact.
Wikipedia, sea club