Computer Glossary (B)

  • Backup: Term commonly used in computing. It refers to the fact of creating a backup copy of data hosted on a certain medium. It is done to prevent a possible loss of information. The data stored in the backup serves to revert to a previous state of the information in the event of a disaster.
  • Inbox: Inbox for email.
  • Database: A set of data organized in a way that is easy to access, manage, and update.
  • Backbone (spine): High-speed connection that connects to computers in charge of circulating large volumes of information. Backbones connect cities, or countries, and constitute the fundamental structure of communication networks. Used to interconnect networks with each other using different types of technologies.
  • Backdoor (or trapdoor, back door or trap door): Hidden section of a computer program, which is only put into operation if there are very specific conditions or circumstances in the program.
  • Context: Background or background.
  • Banner: Advertising notice that occupies part of a web page, generally located in the upper part of the center. By clicking on it, the navigator can reach the advertiser's site.
  • BBS (Bulletin Board System, messaging system also erroneously called Database): It is a computerized data exchange system between a group of people who share the same geographical area where files, messages and other useful information can be exchanged between different users.
  • Bcc: blind carbon copy. Function that allows you to send an e-mail message to more than one recipient. Unlike the cc function, the recipients name does not appear in the header.
  • Benchmark: program specially designed to evaluate the performance of a system, software or hardware.
  • beta tests: In the software development process, it is the second phase of verification or testing, prior to the launch of the product.
  • BIOS (Basic Input / Output System): Basic data input / output system. A set of procedures that controls the flow of data between the operating system and devices such as the hard disk, video card, keyboard, mouse, and printer.
  • Bit: ashort for binary digit. The bit is the smallest unit of storage in a binary system within a computer.
  • Binhex: A standard for data encoding under the Macintosh platform, used to send attachments. Similar in concept to MIME and Uuencode.
  • Bookmark (bookmark or favorites): The menu section of a browser where you can store your favorite sites, and then return to them simply by choosing them with a simple click from a menu.
  • Boot (to boot or boot): load a computer's operating system.
  • Bot: short for robot, it also refers to computer programs that automate routine tasks.
  • Bottleneck: Jamming of data packets (information) circulating over a connection causing communication delays.
  • bps: Bits per second.
  • Bridge: Device used to connect two networks and make them work as if they were one. They are typically used to divide a network into smaller networks, to increase performance.
  • Browser / Web browser: Program that allows you to read documents on the Web and follow links (links) from document to Hypertext document. Browsers "request" files (pages and others) from web servers according to the user's choice and then display the result on the monitor.
  • buffer: An area of ​​memory that is used to temporarily store data during a work session.
  • Bugs: bug, insect. Programming error that causes problems in the operations of a computer.
  • Bus: Common link; common conductor; way of interconnection. Device interconnection method using a single shared line. In a Bus topology each node is connected to a common cable. A hub is not required in a bus topology network.
  • Serial bus: method of transmitting one bit at a time over a single line.
  • Boolean (boolean): Symbolic logic that is used to express the relationship between mathematical terms. Its rationale can be extended to analyze the relationship between words and phrases. The two most common symbols are AND (and) and OR (or).
  • Bsearch engine (Search Engine, search engine): Tool that allows you to locate content on the Web, searching in a Boolean way through keywords. They are organized in search engines by word or indexes (such as Lycos, Infoseek or Google) and thematic search engines or Directories (such as Yahoo!).
  • Byte: Information unit used by computers. Each byte is made up of eight bits.

Wikipedia


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